Birth Name: Rosa Louise McCauley
Date of Birth: February 4, 1913
Place of Birth: Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.
Date of Death: October 24, 2005
Place of Death: Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
Ethnicity: African-American, as well as 1/16th Irish
Rosa Parks was an American civil rights activist. The United States Congress has called her “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement”.
Rosa was the daughter of Leona (Edwards) and James McCauley. She was African-American. One of her maternal great-great-grandfathers was Irish. A picture of Rosa’s father can be seen here. Rosa was married to barber and NAACP staffer Raymond Parks, until his death.
All of Rosa’s grandparents were black. Rosa is sometimes described as having had some degree of Cherokee Native American, Creek Native American, and/or Scots-Irish (Northern Irish) ancestry. It is not clear if any or all of these lineages have been verified/documented.
Rosa’s paternal grandfather was named Anderson McCauley. Anderson was born in Alabama or Georgia.
Rosa’s paternal grandmother was named Louisa Collins. Louisa was born in Alabama.
Rosa’s maternal grandfather was Sylvester Edwards (the son of John Earl Edwards and Rosa Jones). Sylvester was born in Alabama. John was the son of James Earl Edwards and Martha Patsy Hamilton. Rosa’s great-grandmother Rosa Jones was the daughter of Joseph Jones and Mary Potter.
Rosa’s maternal grandmother was Rose Percival (the daughter of James Percival and Mary Janes Nobles). Rosa’s grandmother Rose was born in Alabama. James’s father was Irish.