Date of Birth: October 30, 1735
Place of Birth: Braintree, Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
Date of Death: July 4, 1826
Place of Death: Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.
Ethnicity: English, 1/16 Scottish, smaller amounts of French and Breton, 1/64 Italian/Sicilian
John Adams was an American politician, lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. A member of the Federalist Party, he served as the second President of the United States, from March 4, 1797 to March 4, 1801. He was elected to the position in 1796. He was previously the first Vice President of the United States, from April 21, 1789 to March 4, 1797. He was elected to the position in 1789 and 1792. He was the United States Minister to the Court of St. James’s, from April 1, 1785 to March 30, 1788, among other duties.
He was also a candidate for President of the United States in 1789, 1792, and 1800. In 1800, he was the Federalist Party’s nominee.
President Adams was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
President Adams was the son of Susanna (Boylston) and John Adams. His father was of English, 1/8 Scottish, small amounts of French and Breton, and 1/32 Italian (Sicilian) descent. His mother was of English ancestry. With his wife, Abigail (Smith) Adams, President Adams had six children, including John Quincy Adams, who served as President of the United States from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829.
President Adams and his son were the first father-and-son U.S. president duo. The second pair consists of George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. There was also a pair of U.S. Presidents who were grandfather-and-grandson, William Henry Harrison and Benjamin Harrison.
President Adams’ paternal grandfather was Joseph Adams (the son of Joseph Adams and Abigail Baxter). President Adam’s grandfather Joseph was born in Massachusetts. President Adams’ great-grandfather Joseph was born in Somerset, England, the son of Henry Adams and Edith Squire. Abigail was born in Massachusetts, the daughter of English-born parents, Gregory Baxter (whose own parents were Scottish) and Margaret Paddy.
President Adams’ paternal grandmother was Hannah Bass (the daughter of John Bass and Ruth Alden). Hannah was born in Massachusetts. John was born in Saffron Waldon, Essex, England, the son of Samuel Bass, who had French, Breton, and 1/4 Italian (Sicilian) ancestry, and of Anne Savell/Saville. Ruth was born in Massachusetts, the daughter of English parents, John Alden and Priscilla Mullins.
President Adams’ maternal grandfather was Peter Boylston (the son of Thomas Boylston and Mary Gardner). Peter was born in Massachusetts. Thomas was born in Massachusetts, the son of English parents, Thomas Boylston and Sarah. Mary was also born in Massachusetts, also to English parents, Thomas Gardner and Lucy Smith.
President Adams’ maternal grandmother was Ann/Anne White (the daughter of Benjamin White and Susanna/Susannah Cogswell). Ann was born in Massachusetts. Benjamin was born in Massachusetts, the son of English parents, John White and Frances Jackson. Susanna was the daughter of William Cogswell, who was English, from West Grinton, Yorkshire, and of Susanna Hawkes, who was born in Massachusetts, to English parents, Adam Hawkes and Ann Browne.