Birth Name: Julius Henry Marx
Date of Birth: October 2, 1890
Place of Birth: Manhattan, New York, New York, United States
Date of Death: August 19, 1977
Place of Death: Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Ethnicity: Ashkenazi Jewish
Groucho Marx was an American comedian, writer, and star of stage, film, radio, and television. He made 13 feature films with his siblings the Marx Brothers (Harpo Marx and Chico Marx) and also had a successful solo career.
His father, Samuel/Simon Marx, was born in Mertzwiller, Alsace. His mother, Miene/Minnie (Schönberg/Schöenberg), was born in Dornum, Lower Saxony. His uncle (mother’s brother) was comedian and vaudeville performer Al Shean (born Abraham Elieser Adolph Schönberg), half of the comedy team Gallagher and Shean.
He had two children with his former wife, chorus girl Ruth Johnson, and a daughter with his former wife Kay Marvis. His granddaughter is Jade Marx-Berti.
Groucho’s paternal grandfather was Simon Mark/Marx (the son of Simon Marx and Babette/Babet Weil). Groucho’s grandfather Simon was born in Hochfelden, Bas-Rhin, Alsace, France.
Groucho’s paternal grandmother was named Johanna Haennchen/Hanna/Hanne Adele Levi (the daughter of Isaac Levi). Johanna was born in Lorsch, Bergstraße, Hesse, Germany.
Groucho’s maternal grandfather was Levy/Levi/Louis Schönberg/Schöenberg (the son of Abraham Moses Schönberg and Jeanette Schöntje Weiler). Levy was born in Fulkum, Holtgast, Niedersachsen. Abraham was the son of Moses Abraham Israel/Schönberg and Prinzgen Hartog. Jeanette was born in Varel, the daughter of Isaak Weiler and Jette. She later remarried to Gossel Lazarus Funk.
Groucho’s maternal grandmother was named Fanny Sophie Salomons. Fanny was born in Bruchhausen, Cologne, Rhineland-Palatinate.
Sources: Family history of Groucho Marx – http://judaisme.sdv.fr
Genealogy of Groucho Marx (focusing on his mother’s side) – https://www.findagrave.com
Groucho Marx on the 1910 U.S. Census – https://www.familysearch.org