Norman Thomas

Birth Name: Norman Mattoon Thomas

Date of Birth: November 20, 1884

Place of Birth: Marion, Ohio, U.S.

Date of Death: December 19, 1968

Place of Death: Cold Spring Harbor, New York, U.S.

Ethnicity: Welsh, English, distant Dutch

Norman Thomas was an American Presbyterian minister and politician. He was known as a socialist and pacifist.

He was the Socialist Party of America’s nominee for President of the United States in 1928, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, and 1948.

Norman was the son of Emma Williams (Mattoon) and The Rev. Weddington/Welling Evans Thomas, a Presbyterian minister. He was married to Frances Violet Stewart, with whom he had five children. Frances was the granddaughter of banker John Aikman Stewart. Their grandson is journalist, author, and historian Evan Thomas.

Norman’s paternal grandfather was The Rev. Thomas Thomas (the son of David Thomas and Margaret Lucas). The Rev. Thomas was born in New Jersey. David was Welsh. Margaret was the daughter of Robert Lucas and Elizabeth Scott, who was born at sea, to English parents.

Norman’s paternal grandmother was Mary Evans (the daughter of William Evans and Catharine Howell).

Norman’s maternal grandfather was The Rev. Stephen Mattoon, D.D. (the son of The Rev. Gershom Mattoon and Anna Sayre). The Rev. Stephen was born in New York. The Rev. Gershom was the son of Gershom Matoon/Mattoon and Ruth Parker. Anna was the daughter of Abner Sayre and Joanna Meeker.

Norman’s maternal grandmother was named Mary Lourie. Mary was born in New York.

Source: Genealogy of Norman Thomas –

Richard Russell, Jr.

Birth Name: Richard Brevard Russell, Jr.

Date of Birth: November 2, 1897

Place of Birth: Winder, Georgia, U.S.

Date of Death: January 21, 1971

Place of Death: Washington D.C., U.S.

Ethnicity: English, some Scottish and Scots-Irish/Northern Irish, distant Swiss-German and French Huguenot

Richard Russell Jr. was an American politician. A member of the Democratic Party, he was a Member of the Georgia House of Representatives, from 1921 to 1931, Governor of Georgia, from June 27, 1931 to January 10, 1933, a U.S. Senator from Georgia, from January 12, 1933 to January 21, 1971, and President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate, from January 3, 1969 to January 21, 1971, his death.

He was a candidate for the Democratic Party’s nomination for President of the United States in 1948 and 1952.

Richard was the son of Ina/Blandina (Dillard) and Richard Brevard Russell. His father was a prominent lawyer, and chief justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia.

Richard’s paternal grandfather was William John Russell (the son of Edward William Russell and Susan Sarah Way). Richard’s grandfather William was born in Georgia. Edward was born on San Salvador Island, in the Bahamas, and was the son of John Russell and Mary Hogg. Susan was the daughter of William Way and Drusilla Hines.

Richard’s paternal grandmother was Rebecca Harriet/Harriett Brumby (the daughter of Richard Trapier Brumby and Mary Martha Isabelle/Isabella Brevard). Rebecca was born in North Carolina. Richard’s great-grandfather Richard Brumby was the son of Thomas Brumby and Susannah/Susanna Greening. Mary Martha was the daughter of Captain Alexander McWhorter Brevard and Rebecca Davidson.

Richard’s maternal grandfather was Fielding Dillard (the son of Fielding Dillard and Martha “Patsey”/”Patsy” Curtis Beadles). Richard’s grandfather Fielding was born in Georgia. Richard’s great-grandfather Fielding was the son of Thomas Dillard and Sarah “Sallie” Mason. Martha was the daughter of Joseph Beadles.

Richard’s maternal grandmother was America Frances Chaffin (the daughter of Lemuel Chaffin and Elizabeth Tharpe/Thorp Maine/Mayne). America was born in Georgia. Lemuel was the son of Isham Chaffin and Patience Atkinson.

Sources: Genealogies of Richard Russell, Jr. –

Joseph William Martin, Jr.

Date of Birth: November 3, 1884

Place of Birth: North Attleborough, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States

Date of Death: March 6, 1968

Place of Death: Hollywood, Florida, U.S.

Ethnicity: English, Irish

Joseph William Martin, Jr., also known as Joseph W. Martin, Jr., was an American politician. A Republican, he served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, from January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1949, and again from January 3, 1953 to January 3, 1955. He was the only Republican to serve as Speaker from the period between 1931 to 1995.

He was also a Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts, from March 4, 1925 to January 3, 1967, Chairman of the Republican National Committee, from 1940 to 1942, and House Minority Leader, from January 3, 1939 to January 3, 1947, January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1953, and January 3, 1955 to January 3, 1959.

He was a candidate for the Republican Party’s nomination for President of the United States in 1948.

Joseph was the son of Catherine (Katon) and Joseph William Martin. His father was born in New York, to English parents. His mother was born in New Jersey, to Irish parents.

Sources: Joseph William Martin, Jr. on the 1900 U.S. Census –
Joseph William Martin, Jr. on the 1910 U.S. Census –

Robert A. Taft

Birth Name: Robert Alphonso Taft

Date of Birth: September 8, 1889

Place of Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.

Date of Death: July 31, 1953

Place of Death: New York City, New York, U.S.

Ethnicity: English, small amount of Scots-Irish/Northern Irish

Robert A. Taft was an American politician and statesman. A Republican, he was a U.S. Senator from Ohio, from January 3, 1939 to July 31, 1953, Senate Republican Policy Committee Chairman, from January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1953, and Senate Majority Leader, from January 3, 1953 to July 31, 1953.

He was a candidate for the Republican Party’s nomination for President of the United States in 1940, 1948, and 1952.

Robert was the son of Helen Herron Taft (born Helen Louise Herron) and William Howard Taft, who was President of the United States, from 1909 to 1913, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, from 1921 to 1930. His siblings were Helen Taft Manning, a history professor and college dean, and Charles Phelps Taft II, a politician. He was married to Martha Wheaton Bowers, with whom he had four children.

Robert’s paternal grandfather was Alphonso Taft (the son of Peter Rawson Taft and Sylvia Howard). Alphonso was born in Vermont, and was a jurist and diplomat, who was the 34th United States Attorney General, from 1876 to 1877, and the 31st United States Secretary of War, in 1876. Peter was the son of Aaron Taft and Rhoda Rawson. Sylvia was the daughter of Levi Howard/Hayward and Bethia/Berthiah Chapin.

Robert’s paternal grandmother was Louisa Maria “Louise” Torrey (the daughter of Samuel Davenport Torrey and Susan Holman Waters). Louisa was born in Massachusetts. Samuel was the son of William Torrey and Anna Davenport. Susan was the daughter of Asa Waters and Susan Trask Holman.

Robert’s maternal grandfather was John Williamson Herron (the son of Francis Herron and Jane W.). John was born in Pennsylvania. Francis was the son of William Herron and Nancy Reynolds.

Robert’s maternal grandmother was Harriet Anne Collins (the daughter of Ela Collins and Maria Clinton). Harriet was born in New York. Ela was a prominent lawyer and politician in New York, and was the son of Oliver Collins, a general, and of Lois Cowles/Cole. Maria was the daughter of The Rev. Isaac Clinton and Charity Welles.

Robert’s grandmother Harriet was a sister of William Collins, a congressman, and Isaac Clinton Collins, a judge and politician.

Sources: Genealogies of Robert A. Taft –

Genealogy of Robert’s father –

Genealogy of Robert’s mother –

Douglas MacArthur

Date of Birth: January 26, 1880

Place of Birth: Little Rock Barracks, Little Rock, Arkansas, U.S.

Date of Death: April 5, 1964

Place of Death: Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C., U.S.

Ethnicity: Scottish, English, distant Welsh

Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general. He was field marshal of the Philippine Army, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army during the 1930s, and had a prominent role in the Pacific front during WWII. He was one of five men to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the U.S. Army. He was the effective ruler of Japan while he oversaw its occupation, from 1945 to 1951; under MacArthur, the country underwent major economic, political, and social changes.

He was, to one degree or another, a candidate for the Republican Party’s nomination for President of the United States in 1944, 1948, and 1952. He was also nominated for President by several minor parties.

Douglas was the son of Mary Pinckney/Pinkney “Pinkie” (Hardy) and Arthur MacArthur, a U.S. Army general. He was married to Jean Marie Faircloth MacArthur, with whom he had a son.

Douglas’s paternal grandfather was Arthur MacArthur Sr. (the son of Arthur MacArthur and Sarah MacArthur). Douglas’s grandfather Arthur was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and moved to Uxbridge, Massachusetts, U.S., in 1828; Douglas’s grandfather was Governor of Wisconsin, in 1856, and a Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, from 1870 to 1887. Douglas’s great-grandfather John was the son of John MacArthur. Sarah was born in Dumbarton, the daughter of John MacArthur.

Douglas’s paternal grandmother was Aurelia Belcher (the daughter of Benjamin Barney Belcher and Olive Keep). Aurelia was born in Massachusetts. Benjamin was the son of Benjamin Belcher and Sarah “Sally” Barney. Olive was the daughter of John Keep and Elizabeth Smith.

Douglas’s maternal grandfather was Thomas Asbury Hardy (the son of The Rev. Edward Hardy and Lydia Jarvis). Thomas was born in North Carolina. The Rev. Edward was the son of William Parrott Hardy and Sarah Sowell.

Douglas’s maternal grandmother was Elizabeth Margaret Pierce (the daughter of David Pierce). Elizabeth was born in Virginia.

Sources: Genealogies of Douglas MacArthur –