Birth Name: Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau
Date of Birth: October 18, 1919
Place of Birth: Montréal, Québec, Canada
Date of Death: September 28, 2000
Place of Death: Montréal, Québec, Canada
Ethnicity: French-Canadian (approximately 3/4), some Scottish, distant English, likely distant Dutch
Pierre Trudeau was a Canadian lawyer, intellectual, activist, and politician. A member of the Liberal Party, he served as the fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada, from April 20, 1968 to June 4, 1979, and from March 3, 1980 to June 30, 1984.
Prime Minister Trudeau was also Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, from April 4, 1967 to July 5, 1968, Acting President of the Privy Council, from March 11, 1968 to May 1, 1968, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, from April 6, 1968 to June 16, 1984, and Leader of the Opposition in the Canadian Parliament, from June 4, 1979 to March 3, 1980. He was an MP for Mount Royal, Québec, from November 8, 1965 to June 30, 1984.
He was the first Canadian Prime Minister to have been born in the 20th century.
Prime Minister Trudeau was the son of Grace (Elliott) and Charles Trudeau (Joseph Charles-Émile Trudeau), a businessman. His father was of French-Canadian descent, with distant English roots. His mother was of approximately one half French-Canadian descent, with her other roots being Scottish, and possibly distant Dutch. He had four children; three, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, filmmaker, journalist, and writer Alexandre Trudeau, and the late Michel Trudeau, with his former wife, author, actress, and photographer Margaret Joan (Sinclair); and a daughter, Sarah, with his former partner, constitutional lawyer, professor, and author Deborah Coyne.
Prime Minister Trudeau’s patrilineal line can be traced back to Étienne-Pierre Trudeau, who was born, c. 1641, in Sainte-Marguerite de Cogne, La Rochelle, Aunis, France. Étienne-Pierre moved to Montréal, Québec, Canada. The surname was spelled Truteau in the 1500s.
Prime Minister Trudeau’s paternal grandfather was Joseph-Louis Trudeau (the son of Louis Trudeau and Marie Louise Dupuis). Prime Minister Trudeau’s grandfather Joseph-Louis was born in Saint-Michel-de-Napierville, Monteregie Region, Québec. Prime Minister Trudeau’s great-grandfather Louis was the son of Louis Michel Trudeau and Marguerite Gagné. Marie Louise was the daughter of Michel Dupuis and Marie Josephe/Josephte Boire.
Prime Minister Trudeau’s paternal grandmother was Marie/Marguerite Malvina Cardinal (the daughter of Marc-Solime Rene Cardinal and Marguerite Surprenant). Marie Malvina was born in Saint-Constant, Monteregie Region, Québec. Marc-Solime was the son of Pierre Cardinal and Marie-Anne Ste-Marie/Sainte-Marie. Marguerite was the daughter of Joseph Surprenant dir Lafontaine and Archange Dubuc.
Prime Minister Trudeau’s maternal grandfather was Philippe/Phillip/Philip Armstrong Elliott/Elliot (the son of Edward Simon Elliott/Elliot and Amelia Morrisson/Morrison). Philippe was born in Saint-Gabriel-de-Brandon, Lanaudiere Region, Québec. Edward’s father, Simon Elliott/Elliot, was born in Lavaltrie, Québec, to a Scottish father and a French-Canadian mother. Edward’s mother, Rebecca Armstrong, was born in Maskinonge, Québec, to American parents. Prime Minister Trudeau’s great-grandmother Amelia was the daughter of William Morisson/Morrison, who had Scottish and French-Canadian ancestry, and of Margaret Elizabeth Armstrong, who was born in Maskinonge, Québec, to American parents, and was the sister of Rebecca Armstrong.
Prime Minister Trudeau’s maternal grandmother was Sarah Rebecca Sauvé (the daughter of Séraphin Francois Sauvé and Agnès Clark). Sarah was born in Saint-Zotique, Monteregie Region, Québec. Seraphin was the son of Francois Sauvé Laplante and Eugène/Eugènie Lalonde. Agnès was the daughter of William Clark and Marie Genevieve Félicité/Félice Clement.
Sources: Genealogies of Pierre Trudeau – http://www.geni.com