Birth Name: Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Place of Birth: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair, London, U.K.
Date of Birth: 21 April, 1926
Ethnicity: European Royal, English, small amounts of Anglo-Irish, Hungarian, French, and German, and even smaller amounts of Irish, Dutch, Scottish, Danish, Belgian, Swedish, and Bohemian/Czech
Elizabeth II is the Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms, having served in the position, since 6 February, 1952. She is Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning British head of state in history.
Elizabeth II is the daughter of King George VI of the United Kingdom, who served as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, from 11 December 1936, to 6 February, 1952, and Emperor of India, from 11 December, 1936 to 15 August, 1947, and of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Her father was born in York Cottage, Sandringham House, Norfolk, England. Her mother was born in Hitchin or in London, England.
Elizabeth II is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Among their four children is Charles, Prince of Wales, among their grandchildren are Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, and among their great-grandchildren are Prince George of Cambridge and Archie Mountbatten-Windsor.
Elizabeth II’s ancestry is approximately 39% English, 39% European Royal, 6.25% Anglo-Irish, 6.25% Hungarian, 3.8% French, 2.95% German, 1.6% Irish, and even smaller amounts of Dutch, Scottish, Danish, Belgian, Swedish, and Bohemian/Czech.
She was Time Magazine’s Person of the Year for 1952.
Elizabeth II’s paternal grandfather was George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert, the son of Edward VII, King from 1901 to 1910, and of Princess Alexandra of Denmark). Elizabeth II’s great-grandfather George V was born in Marlborough House, London, England, and was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May, 1910 to 20 January, 1936. Elizabeth II’s great-grandfather Edward VII was born in Buckingham Palace, London, and was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 22 January, 1901 to 6 May, 1910. He was the son of Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, born Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; and of Victoria, who was Queen of the United Kingdom, from 20 June, 1837 to 22 January, 1901, and Empress of India, from 1 May, 1876 to 22 January, 1901. Elizabeth II’s great-grandmother Princess Alexandra was the daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Princess Louise Wilhelmina of Hesse-Kassel.
Elizabeth II’s paternal grandmother was Princess Mary of Teck (the daughter of Francis, Duke of Teck, and of Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge). Elizabeth II’s grandmother Princess Mary was born in Kensington Palace, London. Francis was the son of Duke Alexander of Württemberg and Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde. Elizabeth II’s great-grandmother Princess Mary Adelaide was the daughter of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, and of Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel.
Elizabeth II’s maternal grandfather was Claude George Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (the son of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and of Frances Dora Smith Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne). Elizabeth II’s grandfather Claude was born in London, England. Elizabeth II’s great-grandfather Claude was the son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis, and of Charlotte Grimstead Lyon-Bowes, Lady Glamis. Elizabeth II’s great-grandmother Frances was the daughter of Oswald Smith and Henrietta Mildred Hodgson.
Elizabeth II’s maternal grandmother was Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne (born Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck, the daughter of The Rev. Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck and Caroline Louisa Burnaby). Cecilia was born in London, England. The Rev. Charles was the son of Lieutenant-Colonel Lord William Charles Augustus Cavendish-Bentinck, and of Lady Charles Bentinck, born Anne Wellesley. Elizabeth II’s great-grandmother Caroline was the daughter of Edwyn Burnaby and Anne Caroline Salisbury.
Elizabeth II’s closest genealogical relation to her husband Prince Philip is through their shared great-great-grandparents, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and Victoria, who was Queen of the United Kingdom. This makes the two third cousins.
Elizabeth II is a second cousin, twice removed, of actress Rachel Grant. Elizabeth’s maternal great-grandparents, Claude Bowes-Lyon and of Frances Dora Smith, were also Rachel’s paternal great-great-great-grandparents.