Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin in 1827, oil on canvas, Orest Kiprensky

Birth Name: Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin

Date of Birth: 26 May, 1799

Place of Birth: Moscow, Russian Empire

Date of Death: 29 January, 1837

Place of Death: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

Ethnicity: Russian (75%), one eighth Cameroonian African, German, more distant Norwegian and Danish

Alexander Pushkin was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist. Active in the Romantic era, he is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet, and the founder of modern Russian literature.

He was the son of Sergei Lvovich Pushkin and Nadezhda Osipovna Gannibal. His father was of Russian descent. Alexander’s father’s family was from Russian nobility, and traced its ancestry back to the 12th century. Alexander’s mother was of one half Russian, one quarter Cameroonian African, and one quarter Swedish and German, ancestry, with possible Danish and Norwegian roots through the Swedish and German side.

He was married to Natalia Pushkina, until his death. The couple had four children.

Alexander’s paternal grandfather was Lev Alexandrovich Pushkin (the son of Alexander Petrovich Pushkin and Evdokia/Avdotia/Advotya Ivanovna Golovina). Lev was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Alexander’s great-grandfather Alexander was the son of Petr Petrovich Pushkin and Fedosya Y. Esipova. Evdokia was the daughter of Ivan Mikhailovich Golovin and Maria Bogdanovna Glebova.

Alexander’s paternal grandmother was Olga Vassilievna/Vasilevna Chicherina (the daughter of Vasiliy Ivanovich Chicherin and Lukerya Vassilievna/Vasilyevna Priklonskaya). Alexander’s great-grandfather Vasiliy was the son of Ivan Andreevich Chicherin and Juliana Andreyevna Chelyustkina. Lukerya was the daughter of Vasily Ivanovich Priklonsky and Julianna Georgievna/Yuryevna Esipova.

Alexander’s maternal grandfather was Osip Abramovich Gannibal/Hannibal (the son of Abram Petrovich Gannibal/Hannibal and Christine/Christina/Christiana Regina von Sheberg/Sjöberg/Sioberg). Alexander’s grandfather Osip was born in Tallinn, Harju County, Estonia. Alexander’s great-grandfather Abram was an African from the territory of modern Cameroon (previously thought to be Ethiopia). Abram was kidnapped to Constantinople as a gift to the Ottoman Sultan. He was later brought to Russia, where he became a nobleman, military engineer, and general. Alexander’s great-grandmother Christina was the daughter of Matthias/Mathias Johann/Johan Gustafsson Sjoburg/Siöberg and Christina Elisabet/Elizabeth von Albedyll/D’Albedylle, and had Norwegian and Danish ancestry.

Alexander’s maternal grandmother was Maria Alekseevna/Alekseyevna Pushkina (the daughter of Aleksey/Alexey Fedorovich Pushkin and Sarra Yuryevna/Georgievna Rzhevskaya/Rzhevskaja). Maria was Russian, born in Nizhny Novgorod. She was descended from Russian nobility. Aleksey was the son of Fedor Petrovich Pushkin and Ksenia Ivanovna Koreneva. Sarra was the daughter of Yuri Alekseevich Rzhevsky and Ekaterina Nikiforovna N.

Sources: Genealogies of Alexander Pushkin –


Curious about ethnicity

12 Responses

  1. andrew says:

    genealogy of Alexandr Pushkin (focusing on his mother’s side):

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