Winston Churchill

Churchill c. 1942, Library of Congress

Birth Name: Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill

Date of Birth: 30 November, 1874

Place of Birth: Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England, U.K.

Date of Death: 24 January, 1965

Place of Death: Kensington, London, England, U.K.

Ethnicity: English, some Scottish, small amounts of Welsh, French Huguenot, Ulster-Scots, Irish, Cornish, remote French

Winston Churchill was a British politician, writer, historian, and artist. A member of the Conservative Party, he served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, from 10 May, 1940 to 26 July, 1945, and again from 26 October, 1951 to 5 April, 1955. He was also Member of Parliament for Oldham, then Manchester North West, then Dundee, then Epping, then Woodford, for almost the entire span of 1900 to 1964; Chancellor of the Exchequer, from 6 November, 1924 to 4 June, 1929; Minister of Defence, from 10 May, 1940 to 26 July, 1945, and again from 28 October, 1951 to 1 March, 1952, Leader of the Conservative Party, from 9 November, 1940 to 6 April, 1955, and Leader of the Opposition, from 26 July, 1945 to 26 October, 1951, among other duties. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953. He was Time Magazine’s Person of the Year for 1940 and 1949.

Prime Minister Churchill was the son of Lady Randolph Churchill (born Jeanette Jerome), a socialite, and Lord Randolph Churchill (Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill), a statesman. His father was English, from Belgravia, London. His mother was American, from Brooklyn, New York City, New York. He was married to Clementine Churchill (born Clementine Ogilvy Hozier), a life peer, with whom he had five children.

Prime Minister Churchill’s paternal grandfather was John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough (the son of George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough, and of Jane (Stewart) Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough). Duke John was born in Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk, England. George was the son of George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough, and of Susan (Stewart) Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough. Duchess Jane was the daughter of George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway, and of Jane (Paget) Stewart, Countess of Galloway, and the daughter of the 1st Earl of Uxbridge. Prime Minister Churchill’s great-grandparents were first cousins, as George’s mother and Jane’s father were siblings. The Stewart siblings had a Scottish father and an English mother.

Prime Minister Churchill’s paternal grandmother was Frances Anne Emily (Vane) Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (the daughter of Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, and of Frances Anne Vane, Marchioness of Londonderry). Prime Minister Churchill’s grandmother Duchess Spencer-Churchill was born in St. James’s Square, London, England. Marquess Charles was the son of Robert Stewart, 1st Marquess of Londonderry, and of Lady Frances Pratt, who was the daughter of Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden. Prime Minister Churchill’s great-grandmother Marchioness Frances was the daughter of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Baronet, and of Anne/Ann Catherine/Katherine MacDonnell, Countess of Antrim.

Prime Minister Churchill’s maternal grandfather was Leonard Walter Jerome (the son of Isaac Jerome and Aurora Murray). Prime Minister Churchill’s grandfather Leonard was born in New York, U.S. Isaac was the son of Aaron Jerome and Elizabeth “Betsey”/”Betsy” Ball. Aurora was the daughter of Reuben Murray and Sarah Guthrie.

Prime Minister Churchill’s maternal grandmother was Clarissa “Clara” Hall (the daughter of Ambrose Hall and Clarissa Wilcox). Prime Minister Churchill’s grandmother Clarissa was born in New York, U.S. Ambrose was the son of Ambrose Hall and Mehitable Beach. Prime Minister Churchill’s great-grandmother Clarissa was the daughter of David Wilcox and Anna/Anne Baker, who was Canadian, born in Nova Scotia, Canada.

Prime Minister Churchill’s father was a brother of Georgiana Elizabeth (Spencer-Churchill) Curzon, Countess Howe, Georgiana’s son, Francis Curzon, was a naval officer, Member of Parliament, and motor racing driver; Francis was a great-great-grandfather of actress Dafne Keen. This makes Prime Minister Churchill and Dafne first cousins, four times removed. Through his Spencer-Churchill line, the Prime Minister was also a first cousin, three times removed, of model and actress Cressida Bonas.

Prime Minister Churchill is sometimes described on the internet as having had Jewish ancestry from his mother’s side, usually from her surname, Jerome. This is not accurate. The Jerome family of his mother was not of Jewish heritage. Prime Minister Churchill is also said to have had some degree of Native American ancestry from his maternal grandmother’s side, usually from her own grandmother, Anna/Anne Baker. It is not clear if this Native American ancestry has been verified/documented.

Sources: Genealogies of Prime Minister Winston Churchill –

Information about Prime Minister Churchill’s genealogy, by his grandson Winston S. Churchill –

2 Responses

  1. andrew says:

    His Jerome line traces back to a man born in the Isle of Wight, so it’s most likely a surname of French/Norman origin.

  2. andrew says:

    his alleged (Iroquois) Native American ancestry was from his maternal grandmother:

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