Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks, with Martin Luther King, Jr. in the background, in 1955, Ebony Magazine, USIA/National Archives and Records Administration

Birth Name: Rosa Louise McCauley

Date of Birth: February 4, 1913

Place of Birth: Tuskegee, Alabama, U.S.

Date of Death: October 24, 2005

Place of Death: Detroit, Michigan, U.S.

Ethnicity: African-American, as well as 1/16th Irish

Rosa Parks was an American civil rights activist. The United States Congress has called her “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement.” She is known for rejecting a bus driver’s request to relinquish her seat to a white passenger in 1955.

Rosa was the daughter of Leona (Edwards) and James McCauley. She was African-American. One of her maternal great-great-grandfathers was Irish. A picture of Rosa’s father can be seen here. Rosa was married to barber and NAACP staffer Raymond Parks, until his death.

All of Rosa’s grandparents were black. Rosa is sometimes described as having had some degree of Cherokee Native American, Creek Native American, and/or Scots-Irish/Northern Irish ancestry. It is not clear if any or all of these lineages have been verified/documented.

Rosa’s paternal grandfather was named Anderson McCauley. Anderson was born in Alabama or Georgia.

Rosa’s paternal grandmother was named Louisa Collins. Louisa was born in Alabama.

Rosa’s maternal grandfather was Sylvester Edwards (the son of John Earl Edwards and Rosa Jones). Sylvester was born in Alabama. John was the son of James Earl Edwards and Martha Patsy Hamilton. Rosa’s great-grandmother Rosa Jones was the daughter of Joseph Jones and Mary Potter.

Rosa’s maternal grandmother was Rose Percival (the daughter of James Percival and Mary Janes Nobles). Rosa’s grandmother Rose was born in Alabama. James’s father was Irish.

Sources: Genealogies of Rosa Parks –

Rosa’s father on the 1910 U.S. Census –


Curious about ethnicity

41 Responses

  1. Freerk says:

    She’s a legend.

    And there’s another legend in the background. Nice picture.

  2. Multiethnicchick says:

    This is a mixed race woman. I remember when I saw her for the first time. I was so surprised that Americans were calling her black. Stupid racist idiots have no idea what a black person looks like. That’s why a white woman can claim black if she gets a curly wig and tan in this stupid country

  3. andrew says:

    it appears that Anderson McCauley was the son of Capt. Charles Maurice Tallyrand McCauley, of Cherokee and Irish background, and of Ghiogee, a full-blooded Poarch Creek Indian.

    Louisa Collins’s mother was a mixed-race slave too

  4. fuzzybear44 says:

    You say one drop rule but, do you think Rosa might’ve actually saw herself as a black woman. I’m thinking that she probably did

  5. neiltennant says:

    she sued my then favorite band OUTKAST because they named a song after her

    first she was offensive to us white people and then to her own black people haha

    • fuzzybear44 says:

      you’re talking about a woman who grew up in a time , where white people were offensive to black people on a daily basis. So if she had some anger issues I think she was more than Justified. As for Outkast, she was angry at a particular group of black people, not black people in general. Just because you’re in the same ethnic background doesn’t mean you all get along. I guess that used her name without her permission and she didn’t like it

      • fuzzybear44 says:

        I wasn’t hurt by your comment, just stating a fact

        Quote:( fortunately there had been a lot of white people who did nt care about the rules and had affairs and relationships with black…)

        The rules against interracial relationships really only applied to black men and white women sexual relationships. White men actually signed petitions stating that the law of men had no right, to stop them from what they believed was their God given right to pursue or lay with whomever they wanted. It was looked down on in the public, but they didn’t what they wanted. However yes, I’m pretty sure, there were plenty of relationships that had to do with love

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