Birth Name: Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi
Date of Birth: c. 1942
Place of Birth: Qasr Abu Hadi, Sirte, Italian Libya (now Libya)
Date of Death: 20 October, 2011
Place of Death: Sirte, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (now Libya)
Muammar Gaddafi was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He was titled Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution of Libya, from 1 September, 1969 to 20 October, 2011, his death. He had also been Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council of Libya, from 1 September, 1969 to 2 March, 1977, Prime Minister of Libya, from 16 January, 1970 to 16 July, 1972, Secretary General of the General People’s Congress, from 2 March, 1977 to 2 March, 1979, and Chairperson of the African Union, from 2 February, 2009 to 31 January, 2010. He was known as “Colonel Gaddafi.”
Muammar was the son of Aisha bin Niran and Mohammad Abdul Salam bin Hamed bin Mohammad, known as Abu Meniar, who was a goat and camel herder. His family were Nomadic Bedouins, and were illiterate. Muammar was from the Qadhadhfa tribal group. Like most Libyans, he was descended from Arabized Berber people. He was born in Qasr Abu Hadi, in the deserts of Tripolitania, in western Libya.
He was married to Safia el-Brasai, until his death; and, previously, to Fatiha al-Nuri. Fatiha’s father was political figure General Khalid. Muammar had at least ten children, including Saif al-Islam Gaddafi.
Muammar’s paternal grandfather was named Abdessalam Bouminyar.
As is usually the case with famous dictators and the internet, there have been claims that Muammar had Jewish ancestry, on his mother’s side. There appears to be no documentary evidence for this.
Source: Genealogy of Muammar Gaddafi (focusing on his father’s side) – https://www.geni.com