Birth Name: Rafael Edward Cruz
Place of Birth: Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Date of Birth: December 22, 1970
*50% Cuban (Spanish, possibly other)
*6.25 likely German
Ted Cruz is an American politician, and member of the Republican Party. He has served as a U.S. Senator from Texas, since January 3, 2013. He was previously the Solicitor General of Texas, from January 9, 2003 to May 12, 2008.
He was a candidate for the Republican Party’s nomination for President of the United States in 2016.
Ted was born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Ted’s father, Rafael Bienvenido Cruz, is a preacher and public speaker who previously worked in computers. Ted’s father was born in Matanzas, Cuba, and moved to the United States in 1957; Ted’s father became a Canadian citizen in the 1970s, and became a United States citizen in 2005. Ted’s paternal grandfather was born in the Canary Islands, in Spain. Ted’s mother, Eleanor Elizabeth (Darragh), also worked in computers. Ted’s mother was born in Delaware, U.S., and is of 5/8 Irish, 2/8 Italian, and likely 1/8 German, descent. Ted was raised in the United States from a young age. He had dual citizenship between the United States and Canada, and renounced his Canadian citizenship in 2014.
If elected President of the United States, Ted Cruz would be the second person born in the province of Alberta to serve as either Prime Minister of Canada or President of the United States (Joe Clark, who was born in High River, Alberta, served as Prime Minister of Canada from 1979 to 1980).
Ted’s paternal grandfather was Rafael Cruz (the son of Agustin Cruz and Maria). Rafael was from the Canary Islands, Spain, and moved to Cuba.
Ted’s paternal grandmother was Emilia Laudelina Diaz (the daughter of Juan Diaz and Lola). Laudelina was likely born in Cuba.
Ted’s maternal grandfather was Edward John Darragh (the son of Edward John Darragh and Ellen T. Haggerty). Ted’s great-grandfather Edward was the son of Edward John Darragh, who was born in Pennsylvania, to Irish parents, and of Sarah Annie Welsh/Welch/Walsh, who was born in Pennsylvania, to George Welch and likely Barbara Rebecca Keller, who had German ancestry. Ted’s great-grandmother Ellen was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of Irish parents, John Haggerty and Roseanna/Rosanna Quinn.
Ted’s maternal grandmother was Elizabeth Eleanor Cekine (the daughter of Domenico/Dominic/Dominick/Domenico “John” Cicchini/Cekine and Mary Lonergan). Ted’s great-grandfather Domenico was born in Villamagna, Abruzzo, Italy, to Antonio Cicchini and Concetta Evangelista. Ted’s great-grandmother Mary was born in County Tipperary, Ireland, to Thomas Lonergan and Mary Poon.
Ted Cruz is the first person of Hispanic ancestry to win a caucus and/or primary for a major American political party’s Presidential nomination. He won 11 contests in 2016, with the Iowa caucuses being the first. Marco Rubio, who also sought the 2016 Republican Party nomination, is the second person of Hispanic ancestry to win a major caucus and/or primary (Rubio won 3 contests in 2016).
Ted is the third person of Hispanic ancestry to mount a major campaign for President of the United States (Marco Rubio, who announced his candidacy several weeks after Ted, is the fourth). Ben Fernandez was the first (he ran for the 1980, 1984, and 1988 Republican nominations for President), and Governor Bill Richardson of New Mexico is the second (he ran for the 2008 Democratic nomination for President).
Several prominent candidates for President of the United States can be considered Hispanic in a sense, though not by ancestry. They are:
*George W. Romney (who sought the 1968 Republican nomination, and whose name was placed in nomination for 1964’s; he was born in Mexico, of non-Hispanic descent)
*Pierre S. du Pont IV (who sought the 1988 Republican nomination; his maternal grandfather was born in Chile, of non-Hispanic descent)
*John McCain (who sought the 2000 Republican nomination, and who was the 2008 Republican nominee; he was born in Panama, of non-Hispanic descent)
*Mitt Romney (who sought the 2008 Republican nomination, and who was the 2012 Republican nominee; his father was born in Mexico, of non-Hispanic descent)
Ted is the fourth person of significant Italian heritage to win a caucus, primary, and/or nominating ballot for a major American party’s Presidential nomination. He won 11 contests in 2016. The other winners of significant Italian heritage are:
*Al Smith (who was the Democratic Party’s nominee for President of the United States in 1928, and was also a candidate for the 1920, 1924, and 1932 Democratic nominations for President; Smith’s paternal grandfather was Italian)
*Michael DiSalle (1960; Democratic; won 1 state, Ohio)
*Rick Santorum (2012; Republican; won 11 contests; Santorum also sought the 2016 Republican nomination; Santorum is of three quarters Italian descent)
Other people of significant Italian heritage who have mounted plausible or semi-plausible campaigns for a major party’s nomination for President of the United States are:
*John A. Volpe (who sought the 1968 Republican nomination)
*James Traficant (who sought the 1988 Democratic nomination; Traficant’s father was of Italian descent)
*Rudy Giuliani (who sought the 2008 Republican nomination)
*Tom Tancredo (who sought the 2008 Republican nomination)
*Chris Christie (who sought the 2016 Republican nomination; Christie’s mother was of Italian descent)
*George Pataki (who sought the 2016 Republican nomination; Pataki’s maternal grandfather was Italian)
Geraldine Ferraro, who was of Italian descent, was the Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1984.
Ted’s maternal great-grandfather, Edward John Darragh, on the 1880 U.S. Census – https://familysearch.org
Ted’s maternal great-great-grandfather, Edward John Darragh, on the 1860 U.S. Census – https://familysearch.org
Ted’s maternal great-great-great-grandparents, George Welsh and likely Barbara Rebecca Keller, on the 1880 U.S. Census – https://familysearch.org
Ted’s maternal great-grandmother, Ellen T. Haggerty, on the 1880 U.S. Census – https://familysearch.org
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