Simón Bolívar

Simón Bolívar on Colombian peso, photo by johan10/

Birth Name: Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios

Date of Birth: 24 July, 1783

Place of Birth: Caracas, Captaincy General of Venezuela, Spanish Empire (now Venezuela)

Date of Death: 17 December, 1830

Place of Death: Santa Marta, Gran Colombia (now Colombia)

Ethnicity: Spanish [Andalusian, Canary Islander, Cantabrian, Castilian, Catalan, Extremaduran, Galician, Leónese, Valencian], Basque, as well as distant French, German, Indigenous Venezuelan [Caquetio], Italian, Portuguese, Guanche, and Berber

Simón Bolívar was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule. He was President of the Second Republic of Venezuela, from 7 August, 1813 to 16 July, 1814, President of the Third Republic of Venezuela, from October, 1817 to 24 February, 1819, the 1st President of Gran Colombia, from 24 February, 1819 to 4 May, 1830, President of Peru, from 17 February, 1824 to 28 January, 1827, and the 1st President of Bolivia, from 12 August, 1825 to 29 December, 1825.

Simón was the son of María de la Concepción Palacios y Blanco and Juan Vicente de Bolívar y Ponte Andrade. His father came from the female line of the Ardanza family. He was a descendant of Conquistador and Captain of Trujillo, Francisco de Graterol/Francesco Graterolo, who was from Venice, and of Cristóbal de Ponte/da Ponte, who was Genovese; and who had founded Garachico and married a Guanche woman.

Simón was married to María Teresa Rodríguez del Toro y Alaiza, until her death.

Simón’s patrilineal ancestry can be traced back to his 10th great-grandfather, Sancho García de Ardanza, of Plasencia, Cáceres, Spain.

Simón’s paternal grandfather was Juan Vicente Bolívar y Martínez de Villegas (the son of Luis de Bolívar y Rebolledo and Ana María Martínez de Villegas y Ladrón de Guevara). Juan was born in Caracas, Libertador, Capital District, Venezuela. Luis was the son of Antonio de Bolivar y Díaz de Rojas and Leonor Rebolledo Maldonado de Almendariz. Ana was the daughter of Lorenzo Martínez y Maldonado de Villegas and Magdalena Ladrón de Guevara y Rojas.

Simón’s paternal grandmother was María Petronila de Ponte Andrade y Marin de Narváez (the daughter of Pedro de Ponte Andrade Jaspe y Montenegro and María Josefa Marín de Narváez). Simon’s grandmother María was born in Caracas, Venezuela. Pedro was born in A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, the son of Jacinto de Ponte y Andrade and María Josefa Jaspe de Montenegro. Josefa was the daughter of Spanish mine owner, Francisco Marín de Narváez, of Gójar, Granada, and of María Martínez de Porras y Cerrada.

Simón’s maternal grandfather was Feliciano Palacios de Aguirre y Ariztía-Sojo y Gil de Arratia (the son of Juan Feliciano de Palacios Sojo y Gedler and Isabel María Rosalia Gil de Arratia y Aguirre Villela). Simón’s grandfather Feliciano was born in Burgos, Burgos, Castilla y León, Spain. Simón’s great-grandfather Feliciano was the son of José Palacios Sojo Ortiz de Zárate and Isabel María Gedler y Rivilla. Isabel was the daughter of Spanish captain, Francisco Gil de Arratia, of San Asensio, La Rioja, and of María Rosa Aguirre y Laya Mójica.

Simón’s maternal grandmother was Francisca Blanco Infante de Herrera (the daughter of Mateo José María de Blanco y Fernández de Araujo and Clara Ana Inés de Herrera y Liendo). Francisca was born in Caracas, Libertador, Capital District, Venezuela. Mateo was the son of Mateo Blanco Infante y Ponte and Josefa Fernández de Araujo y Rivilla. Clara was the daughter of Juan Ascencio de Herrera y Ascanio and Paula Rosa de Liendo y Ochoa.

Simón’s matrilineal ancestry can be traced back to his fifth great-grandmother, Úrsula de Marquina.


Genealogy of Simón Bolívar –

Genealogy of Simón Bolívar (focusing on his father’s side) –

9 Responses

  1. Lorenzo Spitaleri says:

    Bolívar had some very distant Italian ancestry from both of his parents. On his father’s side he descends from the Conquistador and Captain of Trujillo; Francisco de Graterol (Francesco Graterolo) who was from Venice. On his mother’s side he descends from Cristóbal de Ponte (da Ponte), who was Genovese, the founder of Garachico who married with a Guanche woman.

  2. madman says:

    I never understood why it is necessary to divide Spanish in regional divisions. They are all considered Spanish, and as far as they have a unique regional identity, it is likely not stronger than other large European countries that is not divided. We could start using terms like “Siberian Russian” and “Burgundian French”, but in the end it is not important whether a Spanish ancestor is from Andalusia or Extremadura. Apart from the Galician and Catalan people (who actually have their own languages) I think they should all be labeled Spanish.

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