Birth Name: Sun Wen (孫文)
Date of Birth: 12 November, 1866
Place of Birth: Cuiheng Village, Xiangshan County, Guangdong, Qing dynasty, China
Date of Death: 12 March, 1925
Place of Death: Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, Republic of China
Ethnicity: Chinese [Cantonese, Hakka]
Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese politician, physician, and political philosopher. He was one of the leaders of the 1911 Revolution that established the Republic of China. He was the first, Provisional President of the Republic of China, from 1 January, 1912 to 10 March, 1912, and Premier of the Kuomintang of China, from 10 October, 1919 to 12 March, 1925, his death.
He was the son of Sun Da-cheng, and of a woman surnamed Yang. He was married to Soong Ching-ling, until his death. Soong later became a prominent political figure. Sun had three children with his former wife Lu Muzhen, including Sun Fo, who was Premier of the Republic of China, from 26 November, 1948 to 12 March, 1949; and a daughter with his former wife Kaoru Otsuki.
Sun Yat-sen’s patrilineal ancestry can be traced back to his 15th great-grandfather, Sun Hao, also known was Sun You-song.
Sun Yat-sen’s paternal grandfather was named Sun Jing-xian (the son of Sun Heng-hui, and of a woman surnamed Cheng). Sun Heng-hui was the son of Sun Dian-Zhao, and of a woman surnamed Lin.
Sun Yat-sen’s paternal grandmother was surnamed Wong.
Sun Yat-sen’s maternal grandfather was named Yang Teng-hui.